3 General Rules of Medical Terminology

The Greeks are considered the founders of rational medicine, and medical terms come mainly from Greek and Latin.1 Over the centuries, the language of medicine has evolved into several national medical languages. Today, medical English is the dominant language for international communication. English is used in most influential medical journals and has become the language of choice at international conferences.2 “Enter” is the root word combined with the vowel “o” for pronunciation to form the combined form. “Entero” is a medical term that refers to the intestine. Parts of words that do not fit into the language rules Before we start analyzing the rules, we perform a short language check that will help with pronunciation and spelling. In class, you will practice pronunciation with your teacher. Prefixes appear at the beginning of medical terms and refer to the quality, quantity, location, or direction of the medical concept. Some prefixes have opposite equivalents. For example, hyper means above, while hypo means low. However, not all medical terms will have a prefix.

The root of the word is the main part of the word in the middle of the term that tells you what it is. When a word root becomes part of a medical term, it may be necessary to change it to its combined form by adding the letter “o”, “i” or “a” to the end of the root of the word when the suffix or next word root added begins with a consonant. A medical term can contain more than one word root or a combined form. There are three basic parts of medical terms: a word root (usually the middle of the word and its central meaning), a prefix (comes at the beginning and usually identifies a subdivision or part of the central meaning), and a suffix (comes at the end and changes the central meaning of what or interacts with it or what happens to it). An example may be more useful. Medical terminology can be used to decipher the names of drugs. Before you can start with new and interesting medical terms, you need to learn some basics about how medical terminology is structured as language. We have covered the different parts of a medical term. You should know that there are three main parts of a medical term, namely the prefix, the suffix, and the root of the word or the combined form. Most medical terms have a suffix, but not all terms have a prefix or combined form. To facilitate the pronunciation of medical terms when parts of the word are assembled, the roots of the word may need to be replaced with another form called a combined form. This usually involves adding the letter “o”, “i” or “a” to the end of the root of the word.

Converting a word root to its combined form is required if you add a suffix or other word root that begins with a consonant. Thus, the combined forms for the roots of the word we have just talked about would be “cardio”, “gastro” and “entero”. Which parts of standard words are the most medical terms? Medical terms are usually composed of three standard components: the root word is in the middle of the term or at the beginning if there is no prefix. The word root or stem gives the medical term the general meaning. Combined forms are used when two parts of a medical term are summed and a constant is a letter of correspondence. A combined form or vowel may be required if the root of the added word begins with a consonant or if the suffix to be added begins with a consonant. The root word is changed to become a combined form. The prefix is at the beginning of the semester and indicates a position in the medical term. The suffix is at the end of the medical semester and indicates what is happening in the term. For example, hepatitis is a term that combines a root word and a suffix. By knowing the individual components of a medical term, a healthcare provider can know thousands of terms with ease.

Medical terminology dates back to the ancient Greeks. The Hippocratic writings of the 4th and 5th centuries were the first documented times when medical terminology was used. Therefore, Latin and Greek words often serve as the basis for many medical terms. Providers who are familiar with some basic terms in these languages have the information they need to break down the complex parts of medical words. “-Oid” is the suffix that means shape or form. A suffix is the part of a medical term that comes last. Let`s start creating some examples of words. If you want to form a heart-based term, then you will use the root word “card-” or “cardi-“. To make a term on the stomach or intestines, then you would use “gastr-” or “enter-“.