Marijuana, whose use for psychoactive purposes dates back to 2700 BC. C., is one of the most widely used drugs in the world, and its use is still the subject of debate today. The claim of marijuana for therapeutic purposes by the medical community around the world leads to the legalization of its medical use in many countries, such as Argentina, where it is already in force and where its regulation is ongoing. Without going any further, CANNAVA, a public company based in Jujuy, will start producing cannabis oil in the country in September and is the first to do so on the national territory (we recently talked about this case in an episode of FOCO, the podcast of RED/ACIÓN). They seem to be convincing arguments for this plant. But not everything is so simple. Cannabis use can lead to long-term cognitive impairment, especially in young people whose brains are still at a significant stage of development. This was once again proven by a new analysis of 10 meta-studies conducted under the leadership of Canada and published in the journal Addiction. The Netherlands, the country reputed to be the most tolerant of drugs, is just that, tolerant, but that doesn`t mean drugs are legal. On the contrary, the recreational use, possession and trafficking of non-medical drugs is technically illegal. But the country`s drug policy has always had a pragmatic and rather paradoxical approach: while they tolerate drug use, they prosecute and prohibit their possession and marketing. This is based on the idea that it is unrealistic to think of a drug-free society and that efforts should focus on minimizing the harm it causes. The famous cafes, where basically anyone can buy drugs without obligation, are places where the state allows the sale of soft drugs, including marijuana.
In Argentina, possession of marijuana in any form (seeds, flowers, plants, pressing, etc.) is punishable by up to 15 years in prison under Law 27,373, which was sanctioned in 1989. In a column published on his website, the presidential candidate and leader of the national future, Jorge Larrañaga, said in the run-up to the vote of the Senate of the Republic on the bill “Marijuana and its derivatives: control and regulation of the state of import, export, planting, cultivation, harvesting, production, acquisition, storage, marketing, distribution and consumption” that “you do not trade with drugs. Drugs are harmful, they have a negative impact on society, families and, of course, the individuals who use them. Given the state`s inability to respond to the fight against drug trafficking, the government proposes nationalization and legalization. Exceptionally, it is intended to solve the problem by offering our boys as hostages. This is unacceptable. The government is opening the door to a vacuum. And he listed 20 reasons why he did not vote on the aforementioned bill, based on ethical, operational, legal and future objections. “We need to legislate on new schools, on how we improve education. We proposed to discuss the creation of 500 full-time schools, the inclusion of English, etc., etc. We want to work on what`s important, not marijuana,” he concluded. The drug is not exchanged.
20 Reasons not to vote for the legalization of marijuana Drugs are harmful and have a negative impact on society, families and, of course, the individuals who use them. Given the state`s inability to respond to the fight against drug trafficking, the government proposes nationalization and legalization. Exceptionally, it is intended to solve the problem by offering our boys as hostages. This is unacceptable. The government is opening the door to a vacuum. We did not vote in favour of this bill for the following 20 reasons: The legalization of marijuana is a debate that has been going on for years between politicians, doctors, specialists and society in general. It is a controversial topic that has evolved over the years and advances in medicine. “The current situation of recreational marijuana use by adults, individuals or misnamed persons is a situation of total prohibition.
In reality, consumption is not prohibited by law, but possession for consumption, which, as you understand it, is absurd. Today, it is forbidden to produce, to have, to cultivate. A person convicted of this crime can be imprisoned for up to 15 years. Now there is a Supreme Court decision, the 2009 Arriola decision, which pointed out that the section criminalizing this in the Drug Act is an unconstitutional section that violates what Section 19 of the Constitution says. Nevertheless, there are still many prisoners. In the federal capital, 29,000 cases were generated for possession for consumption last year,” says Fernando Soriano, author of the book Marihuana, la historia, published by Planeta, and journalist at Infobae and C5N. Mexico, meanwhile, is on the path to full legalization. The federal law regulating cannabis already has half assent from Congress.
Meanwhile, in June of this year, Mexico`s Supreme Court struck down the prohibition on recreational marijuana use in the General Health Act, which was deemed unconstitutional. This decision has created a legal vacuum and things are not clear. A licence must be processed to grow, possess or transport cannabis for personal use. They may not be consumed in public spaces, given to third parties or marketed. And if you are not registered, it is punishable. Geraldine Peronace, a psychiatrist and addiction researcher, explains that “marijuana is in a grayer area because not everyone knows that marijuana has a separate category. We generally divide drugs into stimulant drugs such as cocaine; sedatives, such as alcohol; or hallucinogenic acid such as lysergic acid. But marijuana fulfills all three of these properties. It is a psychosuppressive, psychostimulant and hallucinogenic drug. Its harmful potential, depending on its own vulnerability and the age of the individual, makes it a substance without minor risks to the health of the individual.
But talking about legalizing marijuana without mentioning the Netherlands would not be fair. There are even bars that are activated for cannabis consumption, as if it were a restaurant. Peronace argues that this is due to the advertising that alcohol has. “There are advertisements on public roads, on television, in magazines and newspapers, and in recent years, advertising on the Internet. What they do is show joy, happiness, meet friends, have a good time, the perfect party, and that advertising penetrates us and makes a substance like alcohol less harmful than marijuana, but anyway alcohol is undoubtedly the most harmful substance for society, not in itself the most dangerous, but in danger for society yes, for the impact it has on road accidents, domestic violence, disability and loss of performance at work. »; The second to do so was Canada. You can carry up to 30 grams of marijuana in public, grow plants, and prepare products for your personal use. Marijuana is purchased in state-regulated retail stores. As I said, very few countries have ever regulated the recreational marijuana market. Is marijuana the gateway to other drugs? Marijuana was recently legalized in Uruguay and has just as many people for and against its use. Consult here the arguments put forward by each of these pages. Let`s do a review. Marijuana is the cannabis plant, especially three subtypes of this plant: Cannabis sativa, cannabis indica and cannabis ruderalis.
What the famous “porro” or marijuana cigarette contains is usually a preparation of dried leaves and / or flowers of the plant, sometimes mixed with tobacco. Pressing, also called Paraguayan, is usually a mixture of poor quality, in which other parts of the plant are also used. “The guidelines on the legalization of cannabis-related recreational activities, implemented in Uruguay in 2013 and in Canada in 2018, show interesting points on the regulation of this market. But what they also show is that there are no magic and immediate solutions. Above all, to counter or prevent the criminal trade that configures drug trafficking with the sale of prohibited narcotics. One of the main objectives of the recreational legalization of cannabis is to counter the power of the mafia, drug trafficking and the sale of narcotics, but what characterizes the reality in these two very clear examples of Uruguay and Canada is that it takes some time; especially since the users of these drugs continue to be supplied by the illegal market or the black market, which appears at the same time as the state regulation of cannabis consumption,” explains Germán de los Santos, journalist and author of the book Los Monos. On the other hand, heavy cannabis use can cause psychosis, especially in young people. Those who smoke marijuana daily are three times more likely to suffer psychotic episodes, according to a study conducted at the European level in 2020. 1. Negative consequences of marijuana use include impaired short-term memory, attention, judgment, coordination, balance, and other cognitive functions.